Periodontitis (Pyorrhea) | oneedsvoice

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Periodontitis (Pyorrhea)

key information

source: Merck Manual

year: 2015

authors: James T. Ubertalli

summary/abstract:

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gums resulting from an opportunistic infection of endogenous plaque biofilm. It usually manifests as a worsening of gingivitis and then, if untreated, with loosening and loss of teeth. Other symptoms are rare except in patients with HIV infection or in whom abscesses develop, in which case pain and swelling are common. Diagnosis is based on inspection, periodontal probing, and x-rays. Treatment involves dental cleaning that extends under the gums and a vigorous home hygiene program. Advanced cases may require antibiotics and surgery.

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