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scientific articles

The Hypermobility Syndrome. Musculoskeletal Complaints Associated with Generalized Joint Hypermobility

key information

source: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases

year: 1967

authors: Kirk JA, Ansell BM, Bywaters EG


This paper is concernedwith generalized joint laxity occurring as an isolated finding in otherwise normal subjects. We have used the name “Hypermobility Syndrome” for the situation in which this joint laxity is associated with musculoskeletal complaints. The range of joint motion varies considerably between individuals and with age, race, and body build. Where the joints are unduly lax and the range of motion is in excess of the accepted normal in most of the joints examined, we regard the subject as having generalized hypermobility. This is not uncommon in the general population. In their sample of 285 English schoolchildren, Carter and Wilkinson (1964) found excessive motion in at least four joint pairs in 7 per cent. and Sutro (1947) had shown that three or more joint pairs were hypermobile in 4 per cent. of 435 adult orthopaedic outpatients.

organization: M.R.C. Rheumatism Research Unit Taplow; Hammersmith Hospital

DOI: 10.1136/ard.26.5.419

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