source: American Journal of Human Genetics
Zweers MC, Bristow J, Steijlen PM, Dean WB, Hamel BC, Otero M, Kucharekova M, Boezeman JB, Schalkwijk J
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a heterogeneous group of heritable connective-tissue disorders, generally affecting skin, joints, and blood vessels. The most recent classification recognizes six subtypes (Beighton et al. 1998), of which the hypermobility type (HT-EDS [formerly EDS type III] [MIM 130020]) is the most common. This type of EDS is similar to benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS), and both are often considered to represent the same hyperlaxity syndrome, since no clear clinical distinction can be made (Grahame 1999). Although various causative genes have been found in all other types of EDS, the genetic basis of HT-EDS or BJHS remains unexplained (Steinmann et al. 2002). One family has been described that has a missense mutation in COL3A1 (Narcisi et al. 1994), resulting in a phenotype that resembles HT-EDS, without obvious vascular complications. Mutations in COL3A1 generally result in the severe vascular type of EDS (MIM 130050). To our knowledge, no other cases of COL3A1 mutations in HT-EDS have been reported.
University Medical Center Nijmegen; University of California at San Francisco
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